The spleen has important functions, within which there is the immune. Their withdrawal can result in the absence of these functions and hence infections occur, especially in children that can lead to death. Hence the importance of preserving the spleen or part of it. Of the conservative surgeries of the spleen (splenorraphy, segmental resections partial, autogenous splenic implant, subtotal splenectomy with preservation of the upper pole), the more recently described was subtotal splenectomy preserving the inferior pole (ESTPI). This operation, that constitutes in line of research of the first author, it aims to ensure the spleen functions.
Objective: Demonstrate the importance of Ethnobotany and Ethnopharmacology, as traditional practices and bioprospecting of Herbal Medicine for Health System. Methods: This is a bibliographic database in information sources, using descriptors such as search strategy. Results: Ethnobotany and Ethnopharmacology represent strategies to the rescue of scientific and technological knowledge toward the sustainable use of medicinal plants. Conclusion: The inclusion of herbal medicine in primary care in the Unified Health System, qualifies access, strengthening the implementation of public policies on health.
Objective: To investigate the potential interference of metabolic programming in the development of obesity and its comorbidities. Method: It was consulted the MEDLINE and LILACS databases, including articles published between 2004-2014 in Portuguese, English and Spanish, using the descriptors fetal development, obesity and chronic disease. Results: Of the 19 articles identified, five were excluded. The search for references from 14 studies analyzed resulted in the inclusion of 38 new articles. Conclusion: There is evidence that intrauterine and postnatal nutrition and lifestyle can interfere in the health programming and the future risk of obesity and chronic diseases.
Objective: Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine that leads to more than 10º in the frontal plane. In adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) does not know the cause of the condition, and the search of the pathology source settings may involve the analysis of the nutritional status of patients. This study aims to investigate the nutritional status of patients (AIS) compared to asymptomatic population in the same age group. Methods: A prospective, descriptive and comparative study with a sample of 60 subjects divided equally into two groups. The AIS group (n = 30) represented by holders of AIS and control group (n = 30) comprised healthy subjects both sexes and groups with equivalent age. We analyzed age, gender, menarche, weight, height and BMI. Results: In terms of age: AIS Group: 14.3 ± 1.97 years; Control group: 14.23 ± 1.79 years. Regarding weight: Group AIS: 47.4 ± 13.8 kg; Control group: 55.6 ± 11.63 kg As for height: AIS Group:. 1.6 ± 0.1 m; Control group: 1.64 ± 0.08 m. As for BMI: AIS Group: 18.5 ± 3.7 kg / m2; Control group: 20.79 ± 2.92 kg / m2. Age and height did not achieve statistical difference when compared to the different AIS and control groups (p> 0.05). While statistically significant difference of body weight (p = 0.01) and BMI (p = 0.01) when comparing the AIS and control groups. Conclusion: Patients with AIS have a low body weight.
Abstract Introduction: Pressure ulcers are a major health problem causing complications to the patient and increased hospital costs due to its high cost of treatment. However, it is an entirely preventable disease avoiding its severe consequences. Objective: A pressure ulcer prevention protocol was developed, in order to systematize assistance to patients in risk of their […]
Abstract In Brazil there is a high rate of newborn preterm infants, a fact that places child mortality into the spotlight, thus becoming a major public health issue. However, hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit introduces the baby to an inhospitable environment. Given that, humanization claims for an association between the technical and scientific […]
Objective: To check the state of art in the steps taken in pediatric practice in cow ‘s milk allergy . Method: review in the Pubmed database 2005 to 2015. Cow ‘s milk allergy is the main food allergy in childhood. The diagnosis is still difficult to achieve in clinical prac-tice and the lack of standardization of laboratory research a challenge. The importance of correct driving in suspected or confirmed diagnosis is seen in the large potential impact on growth and development of children subjected to food restriction .
Objective: To know the perception of patients from a Health Strategy Unit of the city of Vitória Family / ES, regarding the collection of preventive performed by the nurse, with regard to satisfaction, trust and answer questions during the call. Methods: A descriptive qualitative study, performed in a unit of the Health Strategy city of Vitória Family – ES. The sample consisted of 29 women treated by nurses who perform the collection of screening test during the study period. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews. For data analysis we used the thematic analysis of Minayo. Results: This study found that some women even demonstrating some degree of resistance to the collection of preventive performed by the nurse, to go through such an experience, realized the professionalism and the ability of it to exercise this practice competently, thus overcoming all negative perception the performance of this professional. The perception of the patients seen by nurses for preventive collection was positive since the degree of satisfaction, confidence and clarify doubts achieved results that classify the good performance of this professional in their field. Conclusion: hese results provide reflection on the role of nurses in the prevention of cervical cancer as well as in promoting the health of families in their area.
Abstract Osteogenesis imperfecta is rare disorder of the connective tissue characterized by bone fragility and osteopenia, resulting in functional limitations and reduction in patient’s quality of life. The physical therapy works in the treatment and prevention by methods such as Pilates. The goal of this study was to understand the benefits of the Pilates method […]
Objective: Developing and validating a questionnaire on health knowledge. Method: Descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative design with closed questions about health education divided into five dimensions with ten indicators, thus making 50 items in Likert scale from 5.0 to 1.0. Alpha Cronbach coefficient, Pearson correlation coefficient and the statistical software SPSS 17.0 PASW Statistics version 20.0 IBM 1989, 2011were used for calculating the reliability and the internal consistency of the constructs. Result: There was statistically significant correlation (p <0.05) in the one hundred applied questionnaires. There was emphasis on the indicators of skills and general skills required for graduates’ profile: in Pharmacy, 47% of the students do not meet the profile; in Medical school, 52% did not meet the. There is 50% mismatching with articulated knowledge in the Pharmacy course and it was of 34% in the Medical School. Of the total of Pharmacy students, 82% did not meet hospital learning knowledge; among medical students, 63% fulfilled this requirement. Conclusion: The questionnaire allows viewing the teaching-learning process according to the real world and it offers reliability and reproducibility with internal consistency.